Arthroscopy also calls ‘arthroscopic surgery’ is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope and an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.
Arthroscopic procedures can be performed during anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL) reconstruction. While commonly used for meniscal injuries to the knee this use is not supported by the evidence.
The advantage over traditional open surgery is that a joint does not have to be opened up fully for knee arthroscopy only two small incisions are made one for the arthroscope and one for the surgical instruments to be used in the knee cavity.
This reduces recovery time and may increase the rate of success. Due to less trauma to the connective tissue, it is especially useful for professional athletes who frequently in journey joints and require fast healing time.
There is also less scarring because of the smaller incisions. Irrigation fluid is used to distend the joint don’t make a surgical space.
Surgeons view the joint area on a video monitor and can diagnose and repair torn joint tissue. Such as ligaments it is technically possible to the one arthroscopic examination of almost every joint but is most commonly used for the knee, shoulder, elbow wrist, ankle, foot, and hip.
Equipment Used for Arthroscopy are as follow:
- Linear camera
- Tubular camera
- Television screen
- Camera analyzer
- Radiofrequency control unit
- Cautery machine